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Topic Review (Newest First)
01-20-2013 12:51 PM
cobalt327 Then there's: Spec'ing Cams by Vizard. But the article stops short (by three pages) of telling the whole story. Supposedly an abridged version is in a couple of his Chevy "how to" books. Or you can rent the complete version. Only $100/hr.
01-20-2013 12:00 PM
cobalt327 At the risk of beating a dead horse, I'll just say this:

DCR is one of many tools in the engine builder's chest. And like any tool, it works best when used for what it was intended. Most guys know better than to pound a nail using a torque wrench (although sometimes I wonder); using DCR is no different.

For those interested, here is a different approach to the same concept as DCR. I've not used it yet but I'd be interested in hearing how it compares to DCR calculations made w/the "standard" DCR calculators (three are below), should anyone use it. This might be where some of the somewhat incomplete concepts posted in this thread came from, but either way this is a clearly presented case w/the math included. BTW, he uses "supra" a lot. It means basically "there's more info above".

Wallace Racing DCR calculator
Kelly DCR calculator
KB/Silvolite DCR calculator
01-20-2013 10:56 AM
thinwhiteduke
Quote:
Originally Posted by F-BIRD'88 View Post
Dynamic Compression is rooted in the fact that the intake valve closes after bottom dead center. Since your cylinder isn't sealed right away as the volume above the piston begins to decrease, you do not keep all of the air that is in the cylinder at BDC (Bottom Dead Center). What is compressed is what is left in the cylinder after the intake valve closes. This is why Dynamic Compression is always lower than Static Compression.

this statement is false and misleading.... When the engine is running at speed in its natureal best power rpm range the cylinder pressure is very high. Back pumping is little or non. On a tuned induction system engine.
( a engine with headers, cammed and developed induction ( a powerfull intake) the engine takes in more air , resulting in higher than 100% volumetric efficiently at WOT. cylinder pressure is high.

Back pumping before the inake valve closes only occurs at low rpm, when the engine is running out of its best power band. Not "on the cam".

Real running engine dynamic compression ( when its running "on the cam" @WOT) is not fixed and often and should be higher than 100% volumetrically efficient if you are any good at building and tuning engines.
induction ram effect-exhaust scavedging. A high performance tuned induction-exhaust system engine is not a simple air pump. Cylinder pressure is highest BMEP right around peak torque output rpm.
Air always flows in the direction high pressure toward low pressure relative. and it don't care which way the piston is moving in a cylinder.

In the running engine, running at speed you have a open intake valve, a rising piston and air still entering the engine.
inertia Ram effect.
Thats not possible without some compression. The air keeps moving into the cylinder from the intake port until one of two things happen. 1. the valve closes. 2. the air pressure in the cylinder is equal or higher than the air pressure just under/at the exit of the still open intake valve.
Good point, makes sense..

Duke
01-20-2013 09:07 AM
1Gary Some of the experience I bring to this forum is a numinous yrs on forums like this one.Without question every thread reaches a point where it is doomed to repeat it's self.I have I think made my position on this topic clear.
01-19-2013 05:31 PM
GunnerTHB
Quote:
Originally Posted by F-BIRD'88 View Post
Dynamic Compression is rooted in the fact that the intake valve closes after bottom dead center. Since your cylinder isn't sealed right away as the volume above the piston begins to decrease, you do not keep all of the air that is in the cylinder at BDC (Bottom Dead Center). What is compressed is what is left in the cylinder after the intake valve closes. This is why Dynamic Compression is always lower than Static Compression.

this statement is false and misleading.... When the engine is running at speed in its natureal best power rpm range the cylinder pressure is very high. Back pumping is little or non. On a tuned induction system engine.
( a engine with headers, cammed and developed induction ( a powerfull intake) the engine takes in more air , resulting in higher than 100% volumetric efficiently at WOT. cylinder pressure is high.

Back pumping before the inake valve closes only occurs at low rpm, when the engine is running out of its best power band. Not "on the cam".

Real running engine dynamic compression ( when its running "on the cam" @WOT) is not fixed and often and should be higher than 100% volumetrically efficient if you are any good at building and tuning engines.
induction ram effect-exhaust scavedging. A high performance tuned induction-exhaust system engine is not a simple air pump. Cylinder pressure is highest BMEP right around peak torque output rpm.
Air always flows in the direction high pressure toward low pressure relative. and it don't care which way the piston is moving in a cylinder.

In the running engine, running at speed you have a open intake valve, a rising piston and air still entering the engine.
inertia Ram effect.
Thats not possible without some compression. The air keeps moving into the cylinder from the intake port until one of two things happen. 1. the valve closes. 2. the air pressure in the cylinder is equal or higher than the air pressure just under/at the exit of the still open intake valve.
I stand corrected about bleeding air back into the intake. Other than that, nobody is arguing against you with regards to the rest of your post.
01-18-2013 03:51 PM
1Gary I remember a quote from the movie Heart Like A wheel where after in the early days Sherry blew up one of her engines in her FED,Connie telling her she needed to feel the car nosing over long before the engine let go.
I know in real life how true that is.Test the limits of the parts??. We certainly do. But are real logical about how we go about that. Best lap in the 1/8 was 4.56@ 150mph. But we limited the driver to only .002 on the bottle and it was in the middle of the lap.

Oh,he doesn't have any "engine ears" on either,but most certainly a sensitive butt.
01-18-2013 03:23 PM
OneMoreTime These days serious engine builders work everything out on paper before they ever order a part. then they use a scientific rigor to evaluate the results. today we also use computer controlled injection systems and computer controlled ignition systems to get as close as we can to perfect for that build. Setting up design parameters is critical to the success of the build. One of the parameters is picking the design fuel for use in the engine as an example for a street engine we use pump gas as the design fuel and work around that parameter. Power band is another so where do we want the power band to be. Is this a Tow motor or sports motor just what is the intended use of the vehicle..Once we know all of this then we build a motor to suit the intended purpose..No longer do we just throw parts at the build.

Now if you do go to an experienced engine builder most likely he has various builds saved in his data base and can most likely have a parts list for that build. For the guys stepping over the edge the we accept that sacrifices to the gods of speed will be made and we will bust some parts on the dyno or race track at times and this is the price of progress..

Sam
01-18-2013 02:56 PM
1Gary
Quote:
Originally Posted by F-BIRD'88 View Post
WhiteDuke:

Your cr counds out the 11.48:1 but I have reservations on some of the stuff.
Like how you got valve to piston clearance with a tiny single valve relief of 1 cc.
Some of it seems od to me..

Any idea on the fuel specs beyond "98 octane" rated.

Here , our fuel is rated as a average of the two different bench tests.
R and M... Motor octane is always lower and emulates a engine more accorratly under load in the car.

We do have a 98 octane R+M/2 pump gas here at some limited gas stations.
Sunoco GT-98. It generally is good for a 11.5 to 12.5:1cr engine if the tune and conditions are good. It is not readily available.
Here we also have a 100 R+M/2 octane unleaded sold at very limited locations some stations.
Delta Sonic---- it is Sunoco GT-100 sold as "CAM2" Its good stuff.

Our 94 octane premimum is quite good. I cannot tell you the absolute cr limit.
Some people get in trouble around 10.00:1 some have better luck with a bit more cr up to around 11:1. Beyond that it is real hit and miss. Depending on daily conditions and tune up.

many many stations in the US in particular sell very inconsistant fuel quality and octane. Many epople have touble even at les than a 10:1 ratio their local pump premimum gas. Especially in the Mid West states.

I do know that your fuel is rated differently than ours. And that generally the European fuel and oil quality standards are higher
than North America.

Having been there done that... I always warn people to take all this DCR stuff with a grain of salt when planning a engine build for pump gas for true street driven use.

Had a friend here that bought into the DCR stuff hook line and sinker and even after ignoring my warning and explaination of the hows and whys,,, destroyed two perfectly good 350's @ 10.70:1 cr. What happended was exactly what I predicted would happen. We rebuilt them with 9.8:1 and all was good..

I built on a t 12.65:1 with plenty of cam etc etc.. it went fine for a while on 94 with conservative (reduced) timing, but really liked and wanted 110 unleaded.
Came unglued on me one day when I forgot to reduce the timing for 94 pump gas use. Never heard a thing.
Broke a ring land. But it was fun. ( On this one I knew perfectly well that the 94 octane fuel was not going to be enough for this engine so no surprise) Like said it really liked and need the 110 octane unleaded. Went like a raped ape....

I suggest you tread lightly on it with pump gas. (watch the water and engine air inlet temperature)
stay off the throttle or reduce the timing a bit if when conditions are not optimum.
As the engine ages the octane requirement will go up. (carbon buildup- oil consumption, deposits in the combustion chamber)

Do you have any way to detect detonation @ WOT? "engine ears" or a knock detector?
I built my own amplified "engine ears" for under $50. Unfortulatly on that day I smoked that 350 I did not have my "ears" on.
Now I am reading your words,so let me see if I got this right.You have blown up three engines because of poor parts choices ignoring DCR's in one of them and trying to use the DCR formula in two of them which is a band-aid repair.The concept of the use of DCR's formulas is to formulate a build in advance of purchasing those parts not afterwards.Then because of poor driver feel not knowing a engine at the top end is leaning over on the top end,you suggesting a devise"engine ears" to detect the mystic of detonation which if DCR's where properly applied in the first place would have been on a bucket list checked off so as not to be a problem.

I am going to suggest this "old school" thinking doesn't work and I came from that time period.When the gas changed it was a game changer.That that type of thinking needed to change with it and no less the use of DCR formulas is in no small was a huge part of moving forward.Not backwards.

I am for the record suggesting with a admitted history of three damaged engines because of poor execution of the DCR's formulas is enough proof that if applied correctly wouldn't have happened.

I am also saying for the record that a DCR of no more than 8.5 is disheartening to me as well.It does sound low,doesn't it??. But it is what is. And we all have to learn to accept it or end up paying for the consequences.
01-18-2013 12:25 PM
GunnerTHB There are several calculators out there that can calculate DCR for you. I've always heard target values of 8.5:1 for pump gas and 9:1 for race gas, although I'm sure that is pretty generalized and you could probably exceed that a little bit with good engine design.

Dynamic Compression is rooted in the fact that the intake valve closes after bottom dead center. Since your cylinder isn't sealed right away as the volume above the piston begins to decrease, you do not keep all of the air that is in the cylinder at BDC (Bottom Dead Center). What is compressed is what is left in the cylinder after the intake valve closes. This is why Dynamic Compression is always lower than Static Compression.

So one of the important things you need to know to calculate DCR is how long (in degrees of rotation) the intake valve stays open after the piston hits bottom dead center*.

When you are looking at your fuel you will have critical values, such as maximum pressure and temperature the fuel will take before autoignition, which is another thing to take into consideration when you get this intricate into engine design.

*Thanks to techinspector for teaching me how to do this several years ago.
01-17-2013 05:31 PM
thinwhiteduke
Quote:
Originally Posted by F-BIRD'88 View Post
WhiteDuke:

Your cr counds out the 11.48:1 but I have reservations on some of the stuff.
Like how you got valve to piston clearance with a tiny single valve relief of 1 cc.
Some of it seems od to me..

Any idea on the fuel specs beyond "98 octane" rated.

Here , our fuel is rated as a average of the two different bench tests.
R and M... Motor octane is always lower and emulates a engine more accorratly under load in the car.

We do have a 98 octane R+M/2 pump gas here at some limited gas stations.
Sunoco GT-98. It generally is good for a 11.5 to 12.5:1cr engine if the tune and conditions are good. It is not readily available.
Here we also have a 100 R+M/2 octane unleaded sold at very limited locations some stations.
Delta Sonic---- it is Sunoco GT-100 sold as "CAM2" Its good stuff.

Our 94 octane premimum is quite good. I cannot tell you the absolute cr limit.
Some people get in trouble around 10.00:1 some have better luck with a bit more cr up to around 11:1. Beyond that it is real hit and miss. Depending on daily conditions and tune up.

many many stations in the US in particular sell very inconsistant fuel quality and octane. Many epople have touble even at les than a 10:1 ratio their local pump premimum gas. Especially in the Mid West states.

I do know that your fuel is rated differently than ours. And that generally the European fuel and oil quality standards are higher
than North America.

Having been there done that... I always warn people to take all this DCR stuff with a grain of salt when planning a engine build for pump gas for true street driven use.

Had a friend here that bought into the DCR stuff hook line and sinker and even after ignoring my warning and explaination of the hows and whys,,, destroyed two perfectly good 350's @ 10.70:1 cr. What happended was exactly what I predicted would happen. We rebuilt them with 9.8:1 and all was good..

I built on a t 12.65:1 with plenty of cam etc etc.. it went fine for a while on 94 with conservative (reduced) timing, but really liked and wanted 110 unleaded.
Came unglued on me one day when I forgot to reduce the timing for 94 pump gas use. Never heard a thing.
Broke a ring land. But it was fun. ( On this one I knew perfectly well that the 94 octane fuel was not going to be enough for this engine so no surprise) Like said it really liked and need the 110 octane unleaded. Went like a raped ape....

I suggest you tread lightly on it with pump gas. (watch the water and engine air inlet temperature)
stay off the throttle or reduce the timing a bit if when conditions are not optimum.
As the engine ages the octane requirement will go up. (carbon buildup- oil consumption, deposits in the combustion chamber)

Do you have any way to detect detonation @ WOT? "engine ears" or a knock detector?
I built my own amplified "engine ears" for under $50. Unfortulatly on that day I smoked that 350 I did not have my "ears" on.
F'BIRD-88, thank you for that advice. I'm working away from home ATM so I can't check my notes, but from memory, I think I had .080" inlet and .120" exhaust clearance. I'll check my notes ( if I can find them, I couldn't find them last time I looked) when I get home and post the specs.
Lift is .525" by the cam card, once again I'll have to find my notes to see what the actual lift is with my 1.5:1 scorpion rockers, I think it might have been a tad more.*
*I was always puzzled by the octane ratings between AUS and USA until I noticed in one of your posts that we use RON here and you use R+M / 2
and that cleared it up for me quite a bit. The fly cuts are quite minimal in my pistons. The diameters are not much more than necessary to clear the valve. 1cc pretty much covers it in terms of volume.*
I positively HATE detonation. I hammered an engine to death many years ago. I cannot detect and pinging with this engine, that is that's audible to my ears. I like the sound of that amplifier that you built. I would hate to think I was having detonation issues without knowing about it!
Don't know much more about the 98 octane fuel that I'm using except that it's caltex and that I get it from a high turnover gas station that all the gear heads here say has the best gas*
I can get 100octane, but it contains ethanol and my old ****box has steel tank and lines etc, so no good for me.*
Compression gauge shows bang on 200psi per cyl. Actually one is 198 and one is 203 the rest 200psi
I'll post again when I get home.*

Duke
01-17-2013 03:23 PM
cobalt327
Quote:
Originally Posted by bygddy View Post
And yet up top......

Recently had a similar error by Summit. A guy posted a Pontiac (IIRC) piston p/n he was going to order that ended with -060, but he thought the piston was a standard size- like the info on Summit's site said it was. Obviously a mistake, but to someone new to it all, it went right over his head and would have cost him a lot of time and trouble had it not been caught.

I don't get why suddenly some have seemingly forgotten the rules of thumb that go along w/CR and octane. C'mon guys! Ain't no free lunch, don't matter how much cam you throw at it.

I do believe DCR has its place. But when you go way outside the box, it will break down.

As far as errors caused by the advertised vs. actual seat to seat timing, etc., if you run the numbers both ways, you'll see there's not that much difference in the results. The only way it would matter is if the combo was right at the limit, and that's risky no matter how you look at it.

Lastly, IMHO losing a couple tenths of a point of CR to stay safe is MUCH preferable than to run less than best timing. A couple degrees of timing can cost 50-plus HP in the blink of an eye. .5:1 CR has been estimated to be worth ~2%, or 10 HP on a 500 HP build. I know which one I would choose.
01-16-2013 10:16 PM
thinwhiteduke
Quote:
Originally Posted by bygddy View Post
And yet up top......

Thanks for pointing that out, that wouldn't be the first time. I've noted inconsistencies in there web pages before, pointed it out to them and been thanked...

Duke
01-16-2013 10:09 PM
thinwhiteduke
Quote:
Originally Posted by OneMoreTime View Post
Here is a good article on dynamic compression ratio:

Classic Inlines - Compression Ratio's

As you can see the dynamic compression is what the engine actually sees in operation. This can be manipulated by valve event timing in other words at what point in the cycle of the cylinder does the valve actually close.

Sam
That's good, thanks for posting that!

Duke
01-16-2013 09:37 PM
OneMoreTime Here is a good article on dynamic compression ratio:

Classic Inlines - Compression Ratio's

As you can see the dynamic compression is what the engine actually sees in operation. This can be manipulated by valve event timing in other words at what point in the cycle of the cylinder does the valve actually close.

Sam
01-16-2013 09:29 PM
thinwhiteduke
Quote:
Originally Posted by cdminter59 View Post
I hope this is misprint Pistons: KB171-020 hypers. Bore 4.030 anyway the cr. is 11.484.
Yeah, that's the cr I got too.
Misprint, yeah probably, I just used the 'narrow your results'
column in the search page on summits site and typed in 4.030 and that's what came up. I thought the p/n looked wrong when i typed it in. Anyway the machinist had the pistons before he bored the block so I'm sure it's ok, but I'll check my paper invoice when I get home on the weekend too be sure! Ya got me scared now! Thanks.

Duke
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