Not here in the northeast...it was waterpower
There is still a lot of old lineshafting and bits laying around out here. Steam was not used much except in some sawmill operations out where they were logging and no alternatives to building a dam. Dams were used at permanent locations.
One real old huge ex-farm out here had a lot of machinery. I found a steam engine in their woods with small size railroad tracks for the saw carraige to roll on. They also had a saw mill there that was a famous local brand. On some other end of their land, I saw what the grandson called an "axe handle machine"...it spit out axehandles. They also had shingle mills and lord knows what else. The woods were full of ancient cars, trucks, tractors, pop engine, etc.
Old stuff worked, but it's mostly forgotten.